Species category: Broadleaf Weed
Scientific name: Trifolium repens
White Clover – What is it?
This European native is by far the most important clover weed of turf and is now widespread across Australia.
It is a creeping perennial, broadleaf weed. Its Latin name Trifolium repens refers to its three leaflet formation. Each of the three leaflets is oval shaped and can form a heart shape as it matures. The leaves grow from a smooth, hairless stem.
Flowers are abundant and are typically white and pink. The plant can reach up to 1m wide with the stems growing to 30cm in length.
When does White Clover occur?
It is a significant problem in parkland and golf fairways throughout winter and early spring. It flourishes with heavier rainfall or good irrigation.
It will flower in spring and through into summer.
What damage or effect will White Clover have?
It is a hardy weed that can be cold and frost tolerant. It is highly palatable so can be grazed by livestock. It is a particular problem in turf grass as it grows at a different rate to grasses and is a different texture, so can disrupt the playing surface.
The abundance of flowers also attract insects such as bees which can be a nuisance to those using the playing area.